Training Document

The Training Document


1. Indian College of Veterinary Pathologists (ICVP), an independent certification body for Veterinary Pathologists in India was established in 2008. It was pioneered, conceived & developed by a group of twenty-two life members of the Indian Association of Veterinary Pathologists, who have established a recognisable stature in academia, research, industry and practice. The College conducts a ˜Diploma Examination" in ˜Veterinary Pathology".The diploma certificate holders of the College will be called as a Diplomate of the Indian College of Veterinary Pathologists and may use the title Diplomate ICVP or DICVP, if they wish, after their name provided they maintain the membership of the College in good standing. The Diploma is an essential criterion for membership to the College.

2. Philosophyof ICVP

2.1.   The ICVP aims to inculcate a new philosophy for practicing veterinary pathology in the country by creating a standard of excellence which is acceptable to an international platform and comparable to those practiced by professional colleagues in other countries.

2.2.   The examination is expected to reflect the attitude of the ICVP towards the professional ability and skills expected from veterinary pathologists required for acceptance by veterinary professionals, biomedical community and public.

2.3.   The examination system emulated is not a replacement for MVSc/PhD system of education in India.

2.4.   The ICVP maintains transparency in its activities but there shall be no compromise on critical skills.

2.5.   All Diplomates are equal: marks scored by a candidate in any successful diploma examination shall not be disclosed.

2.6.   The diploma of the ICVP is a desirable qualification for those interested in demonstrating their competence at least to the level of quality standards prescribed by the College and is not a mandatory qualification for any job or employment.

3. The salient features of ICVP-Training

3.1.   The ICVP aims for a paradigm-shift for the training of its potential members complementing or boosting the existing MVSc/PhD training at universities.

3.2.   The ICVP is aware of the strength of the academic training given to veterinarians at Masters/Doctorate level in various Veterinary colleges/institutions in the country. Most of the MVSc/PhD programmes train vets to take up jobs in academia with a strong commitment towards teaching and research. Some veterinary schools give lot of emphasis on practice-oriented training, but these are not of sufficient quality for competitiveness on an international platform. The ICVP appreciates that at a global setting, the commitment required from a veterinary pathologist is more as a practitioner rather than as a researcher. Therefore a re-orientation among veterinary pathologists in the country towards a practicing ideology is essential.

3.3.   One of the strategies would be to encourage veterinary pathologists to seek functional areas of practice for specialisation discounting the current style of learning systemic pathology and special pathology. Identification of functional sectors has paramount importance as required by farmers, pet/companion animal owners, industry, researchers, etc. Considering the various functional areas where a Veterinary Pathologist has to work, the following sectors have contemporary significance: Farm Animal Pathology, Companion Animal Pathology, Avian Pathology, Laboratory Animal Pathology, Toxicological Pathology, Wild Animal Pathology and Pathology of Invertebrates (please see the Table below). The ICVP realises that, the importance attached to each of these functional groups is variable; particularly in comparison with those existing in other countries. For example, canine and feline practice may be important in urban areas but not so important in our country as a whole, compared to farm animal and avian practices. It is also realistic to note that almost all toxicological pathologists practicing in India has a veterinary pathology background indicating the need for strengthening toxicological pathology as it is an integral part of current veterinary pathology practices in our country.  

3.4.   Guideline for defining functional areas for veterinary pathology training/practice:

S. No.

Functional area


Relative importance


Farm animal pathology

All species of animals reared in farm conditions for economic purposes: cattle, buffalo, Equines, sheep, goat, pig, rabbit etc.



Companion animal pathology

All species reared as pets: dog, cat



Avian pathology

All species of birds



Pathology of laboratory animals

All species kept under laboratory settings: rat mouse, rabbit, guinea pig, hamster, large animal species, unconventional species like reptiles, frog etc



Experimental & Toxicological pathology

Pathology as applied to industrial settings and research settings: regulatory, testing, experimentation



Wild animal pathology

All species of animals existing in the wild which has a bering on the ecosystem and such animals kept under captivity or zoo: (e.g.: elephant, lion, snakes)



Pathology of non-mammalian/avian species

All species of invertebrates, marine species etc



3.5.   The certification does not just mean its members know a lot of pathology. To be successful in the process, individuals must obviously be intelligent, but they also must have a broad biomedical view, be mechanisms-oriented, have high motivation, be achievement or goals oriented and possess multitasking ability. They must have good organizational and communication skills and either seek out or accept challenges. Leadership quality and management ability are also important for Diplomates.

3.6.   A Diplomate should aim for continuous improvement of his professional skills. A system of re-certification is preferred periodically. The modalities shall be developed subsequently.

4. Education and training

4.1.   The ICVP is aware of the requirement for a strong training component to cater to the examination system. Therefore this training document supports the examination system of ICVP.

4.2.   The examination drives the training

4.2.1. Restructuring of existing postgraduate (MVSc/PhD) programmes in our veterinary colleges is presently out of ICVP-agenda. However, adopting a ˜Residency" style of training followed in American/European Veterinary Schools along with MVSc and PhD programmes without hampering the university requirements is being explored.

4.2.2. ICVP is aware of the availability of training/residency positions for medical doctors (Note: In the medical field, DNB training institutions have fellowships and residency positions, which are independent of MD/DM/MS/PhD programme. "Residents" play a pivotal role in the day to day functioning of medical colleges. Indeed government has recognised ˜Residency™ as key training jobs and encouraging/attracting a lot of residents to medical colleges). Academic leaders in positions of authority and who is part of ICVP shall strive to develop ˜Residency Training Programmes" in consultation with Universities, ICAR and other funding agencies.

5. General guidelines for the training and application

5.1.   The minimum training period by standard route that is acceptable to the College Council is three years during/after MVSc (Veterinary Pathology), normally under the supervision of a Diplomate of the Indian College of Veterinary Pathologists, before one can sit in the certification examination. There is no prescribed maximum limit. The training can start at any time of the year as agreed between the supervisor and the trainee but should have the approval of the College.

5.2.   The alternate route of training is for the candidate having three years full time exposure in Veterinary Pathology (after acquiring post-graduate qualification), including a minimum period of one calendar year of training under the supervision of a Diplomate of the Indian College of Veterinary Pathologists.

5.3.   The trainee should start correspondence with College sufficiently before (usually 3-4 months) the intended start date of the training. He may submit the registration documents through the Major Supervisor to the REGISTRAR* of the College along with an application processing fee Rs. 500/-. (For registration contact SECRETARY, ICVP E-MAIL; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).
5.4.   The training can start only after the approval of registration documents by the College.

5.5.   After the approval of the Supervisor, the training deems to have started on the date of payment of Training fee (Rs 1000 / year) to the college.

6. Duties and responsibility of trainees

6.1.   The college will accept only those training programmes received under the supervision of its Diplomats/Charter Members, authorised to impart any training (An authorised supervisor can normally recommend a maximum of five candidates for certification examination in one year).

6.2.   The College places trainer before the institution of training. That is, it does not place much attention to the infrastructure at the place of training; rather it is concerned with the transfer of skill from a learned trainer (Diplomate/Charter Member) to a trainee.

6.3.   Self learning is encouraged only under the supervision of a competent person.

6.4.   A trainee will have the freedom to choose up to five named trainers from among the list of approved diplomats/Charter Members (Download List of Authorised Supervisors). It is desirable to select diplomats who are proficient in different practice sectors. However, one of the named trainers should be identified as the Major Supervisor. All others are called as Minor supervisors. In short, a trainee can have one Major Supervisor and as many as four Minor Supervisors. If the trainee deems to have additional Minor Supervisors, he will have to make special arrangements with the College through the Major Supervisor.

6.5.   It is not necessary for the trainee to work at the place of the Supervisor™s practice, but there should be sufficient proximity to justify meaningful training. The actual physical separation or the desired supervisor-trainee proximity can be determined through discussion with the supervisor. It may depend on the actual training needs, availability of training material and the acceptance by the College.

6.6.   The minimum period of training under standard route is three years. The alternate route of training is for one year (see section 5.0 above).

6.7.   Training Guidelines: The trainee shall keep a record of day-to-day work preferably in a hard bound paged note-book. The trainee shall submit a master document and a soft copy of the following documents to the College, on completion of every year of training. (Note: The Major Supervisor shall retain the master document(s) for a period of up to three years. The soft copies are required to be sent to the Chairman Examination Committee for review and the Registrar and Secretary for permanent filing).

6.7.1.      An illustrated description of 100 lesions in the format approved by the College (Download Format for Lesion). This will work out about detailed study of one lesion every two-work-day of a year (5 days of working per week).  Whereas a 50% gross (50 Nos.) and 50% (50 Nos.) histopathology lesions (including special stains, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridisation, ultra-structure etc) are desired, one of these kinds should not exceed 60% (60 Nos).

6.7.2.      A compilation of 25 post mortem reports (roughly one per two-week) performed by the trainee in a format agreed between the Supervisor and the trainee. The set should have reports of at least five post mortems of animal/birds classified under following categories by the college: Farm animal Companion animal Wild or laboratory animal Avian species Non-mammalian/avian vertebrates or marine species

6.7.3.      A collection of 5 essays (about 20 pages or 5,000 words) on any topic designated as ˜General Pathology. Only hand written documents are acceptable. Published review articles on the topic exclusively authored by the trainee and the supervisors shall also be acceptable.

6.7.4.      A collection of 5 illustrated case studies on ˜veterinary clinical pathology™ which is complete in all respects with clinical history, prognosis, provisional diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis, course of treatment and the outcome. Published papers/articles exclusively authored by the trainee and the supervisors shall be acceptable.

6.7.5.      One study report or published paper with substantial pathology component and authored exclusively by the trainee and named supervisors on any one of the following: An animal experiment (involving more than 5 animals) with substantial pathology component. An outbreak of an animal disease in a farm or a specified geographical area A safety study using animals for acute, chronic, carcinogenic, mutagenic properties of a chemical, pharmaceutical preparation, biomedical device/material or environmental toxin.

6.8.   It is desirable to have the supervisor's service at same location as that of the place of the trainees practice. But, it is not mandatory to have close physical proximity but should have sufficient scope for frequent meetings and philosophical debates.

6.9.   Participate in at least one continuing educational programme every year as approved by the College

7. Duties and responsibilities of the Supervisor

7.1.   Conduct regular meetings with the trainee; at least once in three months, review the training and plan to cover any shortfall.

7.2.   The Major Supervisor

7.2.1.      Shall act as a liaison officer between the College and the trainee

7.2.2.      Shall be a natural mender for the trainee and co-ordinates the training

7.2.3.      Shall keep a record of progress of training in a format approved by the College.

7.2.4.      Inculcate a spirit of professionalism and ICVP-philosophy among trainees

7.2.5.      Evaluate the ability of the candidate to practice veterinary pathology as a profession.

7.3.   Participate in at least one continuing educational programme approved by the College

8. Duties and Responsibility of the College

8.1.   The ICVP has a system for enrolling candidates for training with a Diplomate.

8.2.   On behalf of the College, the Secretary shall receive all applications in a specified format (Training Registration application)

8.3.   Secretary shall conduct a careful scrutiny of the applications and certifies the eligibility of the candidates and present for approval of the Executive Committee.

8.4.   The registration shall be effective from the date of approval of the Executive Committee.

8.5.   All documents related to the approved candidate shall be maintained at the Head quarters and the Registrar shall be responsible for the same in a ˜Register of ICVP-trainees".  The registered trainees shall be issued identity cards.

9. The Registrar shall issue provisional certificates on completion of training on recommendation of the Major/Minor supervisors.

10. Quality assurance

10.1. Participation in Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programmes of ICVP, IAVP, CL Davis Foundation, BSTP etc. is desirable at all stages. The College will publish a list of approved meetings and the extent of CDP- points, on the web site. The EC shall revise the list periodically and the Registrar shall keep a record. The registered trainees shall be eligible for discounted registration fee for the CPD programs.

10.2.  Attendance in annual meetings of the ICVP should be made mandatory for all Supervisors & Diplomates.

10.2.1.  A minimum 50% attendance should be made compulsory.

10.2.2.  In these meetings there shall be at least one CPD programme

10.2.3.  Each diplomat/trainee should present at least one case report/paper at these meetings. They can use the material collected by their trainees for these presentations.

11. Fee structure (All fees are payable to the college only)

11.1. There shall be training application processing fee of Rs 500

11.2. The amount of training fee shall be Rs 1000 per year.

11.3. The College shall support Supervisors for attending the CPD / Annual meeting.

12. All correspondence shall be addressed to the SECRETARY, ICVP unless otherwise stated:

Name Address Contacts

Dr. Amarjit Singh

Secretary, ICVP

Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana – 141004, Punjab

E-mail:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Mobile No: 09915004631